Here, in almost all the original magnificence, stands the Flavian Amphitheater, the largest in the world, a building erected between 60 and 90 AD and which has become the symbol of Rome in the world.This immense amphitheater could hold, according to modern estimates, from 60 to 75 thousand people, who flocked during the fights between gladiators and other shows organized by the Roman municipality. Its structure follows the dictates of imperial architecture, with the use of vaults and arches connected to each other in a rigid scheme.
After the splendor of the first centuries, during the Middle Ages and in the dark years of Rome it was progressively abandoned and even used as a material quarry. Today, instead, it is a must for tourists in Rome, with several million visitors per year.
A curiosity linked to the name: Colosseum seems not to refer to the imposing figure of the amphitheater, but to a huge bronze statue of Nero that was nearby.